Functional Nanofibers And Their Applications

  • No. of pages: 448
  • Language: English
  • Published: May 24, 2012
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016497


Nanofibers are a flexible material with a huge range of potential applications in such areas as technical textiles. Functional nanofibers and their applications summarises key trends in the processing and applications of these exciting materials.Part one focuses on the types and processing of nanofibers. Beginning with an overview of the principles and techniques involved in their production, it goes on to review core-shell, aligned, porous and gradient nanofibers.

The processing and application of composite functional nanofibers, carbon and polymer nanofiber reinforcements in polymer matrix composites, and inorganic functional nanofibers are then explored in detail, before part one concludes with a consideration of surface functionalization.

A wide variety of functional nanofiber applications are then reviewed in part two. Following consideration of their use in filtration, drug delivery and tissue engineering applications, the role of functional nanofibers in lithium-ion batteries, sensor applications, protective clothing, food processing and water purification is explored. Discussion of their use in sound absorption, electromagnetic wave attenuation and biomedical and microelectronic applications follows, before a final discussion of future trends.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Functional nanofibers and applications is a key text for all those working in the fields of technical textiles, as well as areas using nanofibers such as composites, biomaterials and microelectronics.

Key Features

  • Summarises key trends in the processing and applications of functional nanofibres in areas such as technical textiles
  • Provides an overview of the principles and techniques involved in the production of nanofibres and reviews core-shell, aligned, porous and gradient nanofibres
  • Considers the use of nanofibres in filtration, drug delivery and tissue engineering applications and the role of functional nanofibres in lithium-ion batteries, sensor applications, protective clothing, food processing and water purification


Scientists, engineers, industrial researchers and students and other professionals working in the fields of nanomaterials, nanotechnology and materials science.

Table of Contents

  • Part I: Types and processingChapter 1: Nanofibers: principles and manufacture


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Principles of electrospinning

    1.3 Solution electrospinning

    1.4 Melt electrospinning

    1.5 Future trends

    Chapter 2: Types and processing of structured functional nanofibers: core-shell, aligned, porous and gradient nanofibers


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Core-shell nanofibers

    2.3 Aligned nanofibers

    2.4 Porous nanofibers

    2.5 Gradient nanofibers

    2.6 Applications of structured functional nanofibers

    2.7 Future trends

    Chapter 3: Processing of composite functional nanofibers


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Formation of polymer and polymer composite nanofibers

    3.3 Formation of polymer and nanoparticle composite nanofibers

    3.4 Formation of polymer and inorganic salt composite nanofibers

    3.5 Examples and applications of composite functional nanofibers

    3.6 Future trends

    3.7 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 4: Carbon and polymer nanofiber reinforcements in polymer matrix composites: processing and applications


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Composite formation with nanofibers

    4.3 Strengths and weaknesses of nanofibers in composites

    4.4 Applications of nanofiber composites

    4.5 Future trends

    Chapter 5: Inorganic functional nanofibers: processing and applications


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Processing of inorganic nanofibers

    5.3 Case study: preparation, structure and properties of TiO2 inorganic nanofibers

    5.4 Doping inorganic nanofibers

    5.5 Applications of inorganic functional nanofibers

    5.6 Future trends

    Chapter 6: Surface functionalization of polymer nanofibers


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Surface functionalization using physical technologies

    6.3 Surface functionalization using chemical technologies

    6.4 Surface functionalization using nanotechnologies

    6.5 Surface functionalization using biotechnology

    6.6 Future trends

    Part II: Applications

    Chapter 7: Functional nanofibers for filtration applications


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Key principles of nanofibers for filtration

    7.3 Filtration of nanoparticles from gas streams

    7.4 Nanofiber catalyst support structures

    7.5 Future trends and conclusions

    7.6 Acknowledgments

    7.8 Appendix: notation

    Chapter 8: Functional nanofibers for drug delivery applications


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Drug delivery mechanisms

    8.3 Applications of functional nanofibers in drug delivery: a case study

    8.4 Future trends

    Chapter 9: Functional nanofibers for tissue engineering applications


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Electrospinning of nanofibers

    9.3 Applications of nanofibers in tissue engineering

    9.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: Functional nanofibers in lithium-ion batteries


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Components and materials in lithium-ion batteries

    10.3 Applications of nanofibers in lithium-ion batteries

    10.4 Examples of applications of nanofibers

    10.5 Future trends

    Chapter 11: Functional nanofibers in sensor applications


    11.1 Introduction: modern electrospinning technology

    11.2 Formation of nanostructured sensing materials

    11.3 Sensing mechanisms

    11.4 Future trends and conclusions

    11.5 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 12: Functional nanofibers in clothing for protection against chemical and biological hazards


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Chemical and biological warfare background

    12.3 Electrospun nanofibers

    12.4 The advantages of using electrospun nanofibers in protective clothing

    12.5 Issues with development of electrospun fibers

    12.6 Future trends

    Chapter 13: Functional nanofibers in food processing


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Electrospun fibrous mats in food-related separation applications

    13.3 Electrospun microfibers and nanofibers for enzyme immobilization

    13.4 Electrospun nanofibers in food sensors

    13.5 Electrospun micro- and nanofibers used for encapsulation and controlled release of bioactive compounds

    13.6 Future trends and conclusions

    13.7 Acknowledgments

    13.8 Sources of further information

    Chapter 14: Functional nanofibers in sound absorption, electromagnetic wave attenuation and bioreactor application


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Applications in sound absorption

    14.3 Applications of functional nanofibers as electromagnetic wave attenuating material

    14.4 Applications as a bioreactor: filtration membranes

    14.5 Applications as a bioreactor: immobilization of enzymes

    14.6 Future trends

    Chapter 15: Functional nanofibers for water purification


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 A new class of thin-film nanofibrous composite (TFNC) membranes

    15.3 TFNC membranes for microfiltration

    15.4 TFNC membranes for ultrafiltration (UF)

    15.5 TFNC membranes for nanofiltration and reverse osmosis

    15.6 Conclusions

    15.7 Acknowledgment

    Chapter 16: Functional nanofibers in microelectronics applications


    16.1 Introduction: polymers in electronics

    16.2 Electrospinning of nanofibers

    16.3 Nanofibers in microelectronics

    16.3.1 Nano wires

    16.4 Conclusions

    16.5 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 17: Future trends in the processing of functional nanofibers