Functional Textiles for Improved Performance, Protection and Health

  • No. of pages: 552
  • Language: English
  • Published: June 21, 2011
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081017067


The textile industry is increasingly based on ongoing innovation and development of higher performance products, and the field of functional textiles is no exception. This book explores the development of textiles with a wide range of functions, with the aim of improving the performance of the product in terms of the protection and health benefits that it can offer.The book is split into two parts. Part one focuses on functional textiles for improved performance and protection, with chapters reviewing antistatic, flame retardant and infrared functional textiles, among many others.

Chapters in part two examine the uses of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles and insect-repellent materials.With its distinguished editors and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, Functional textiles for improved performance, protection and health is invaluable for textile scientists, technologists and engineers as well as those designing and manufacturing textiles. It is also a suitable reference for the academic sector.

Key Features

  • Examines the use of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles and insect-repellent materials
  • Topics range from textile chemicals and their interaction with skin to novel pesticide protective clothing
  • Considers anti-ultraviolet protection of clothing and flame retardant textiles


Textile scientists, technologists and engineers as well as those designing and manufacturing textiles. It is also a suitable reference for the academic sector.

Table of Contents

  • Part I: Functional textiles and clothing for improved performance and protection

    Chapter 1: Improved textile functionality through surface modifications


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Types of surface modification

    1.3 Physical and chemical characterization of surface modifications

    1.4 Applications for functional textiles

    1.5 Future trends

    Chapter 2: Antistatic and conductive textiles


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Principles of antistatic and conductive textiles

    2.3 The role of antistatic and conductive textiles

    2.4 Types of antistatic and conductive textiles

    2.5 Evaluation of antistatic and conductive textiles

    2.6 Future trends

    2.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 3: Ultraviolet protection of clothing


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 In vitro and in vivo testing of the UV protection factor

    3.3 Standards for sun-protective clothing

    3.4 Type and construction of fabric

    3.5 Fabric color, dyes and UV absorbers

    3.6 Effects of environment and fabric use on UV protection factor

    3.7 Conclusions and outlook

    Chapter 4: 3D body imaging and fit for functional textiles


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 3D body imaging – stereovision

    4.3 Surface modeling

    4.4 Virtual dressing

    4.5 Sewability and fit assessment

    4.6 Future trends

    4.7 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 5: Flame retardant functional textiles


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Factors affecting flammability and thermal behavior of textile fibers and fabrics

    5.3 Types, chemistry and mode of action of flame retardant additives

    5.4 Flame retardation of textile materials

    5.5 Environmental issues related to flame retardants

    5.6 Test standards for flame retardant textiles

    Chapter 6: Functional shape memory textiles


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Shape memory mechanisms of SMAs

    6.3 Applications of SMAs in textiles

    6.4 Shape memory mechanisms of SMPs

    6.5 Applications of SMPs in textiles

    6.6 Future trends

    Chapter 7: Thermo-regulating textiles with phase-change materials


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Concept of thermal comfort and clothing for cold environments

    7.3 How PCMs work

    7.4 Thermo-physiological comfort for PCM incorporated textiles

    7.5 Different types of PCMs

    7.6 Incorporation of PCM in textile structure

    7.7 Applications of PCM incorporated textiles

    7.8 Challenges of PCM in textiles

    7.9 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 8: Infrared functional textiles


    8.1 Introduction and overview

    8.2 Principles of IR

    8.3 FIR therapy

    8.4 The role of FIR in relation to functional textiles

    8.5 Applications

    8.6 Benefits and limitations

    8.7 Conclusions and future trends

    8.9 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 9: Functional smart textiles using stimuli-sensitive polymers


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Stimuli-sensitive polymers

    9.3 Drawbacks and limitations of current SSP/hydrogels

    9.4 Smart functional textiles

    9.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: Development and design of performance swimwear


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Development of performance swimwear

    10.3 Biomechanics of swimming

    10.4 Effect of innovative swimwear on swimming performance

    10.5 Future trends in innovative performance swimwear

    10.6 Sources of further information and advice

    10.7 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 11: Key elements of protection for military textiles


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Camouflage

    11.3 Ballistics

    11.4 Toxic chemicals

    11.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 12: Developments in clothing protection technology


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Key issues of protective clothing

    12.3 Developments in clothing protection

    12.4 Future trends

    Part II: Functional textiles for improved medical and health purposes

    Chapter 13: New developments in functional medical textiles and their mechanism of action


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Extracorporeals and implantables

    13.3 Structure and composition: role of functionality in implantables

    13.4 The role of biomolecules in conferring bioactive function

    13.5 Non-implantables: wound dressings, pressure ulcers, hemorrhage control

    Chapter 14: Improving superhydrophobic coatings for textiles through chemical modifications


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Key principles of superhydrophobic textiles

    14.3 Chemical modifications for fabricating rough surfaces on textiles

    14.4 Hydrophobization for lowering the surface energy of roughened textiles

    14.5 Nanoscaled coating of materials with low surface energy

    14.6 Applications

    14.7 Future trends

    Chapter 15: Improving superhydrophobic textile materials


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Physical modification for superhydrophobic textiles

    15.3 Applications

    15.4 Future trends

    Chapter 16: Antibacterial textile materials for medical applications


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Principles of antimicrobial textiles

    16.3 The development of antibacterial textiles

    16.4 Performance of antibacterial textiles

    16.5 New antimicrobial technologies

    16.6 Applications of antimicrobial textiles

    16.7 Future trends

    16.8 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 17: Antibacterial colorants for textiles


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Synthetic antibacterial colorants

    17.3 Natural antimicrobial colorants

    17.4 Antimicrobial colorants from micro-organisms

    17.5 Photo-activated antimicrobial colorants

    Chapter 18: Pyrethroid-laden textiles for protection from biting insects


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Key issues of insecticide-laden textiles

    18.3 Factory-produced LLINs and textiles for protection from biting insects

    18.4 In situ treatment of bednets and other textiles to enable protection from biting insects

    18.5 Future trends

    18.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 19: Improving the functionality of clothing through novel pesticide protection


    19.1 Introduction to human exposure

    19.2 Mechanisms for chemical protection

    19.3 Development of novel pesticide-protective clothing

    Chapter 20: Biomechanics in skin/clothing interactions


    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 An explicit finite element model of skin/sleeve interactions during arm rotation

    20.3 Skin friction blistering: computer model

    Chapter 21: Transdermal permeation of textile dyes and chemicals


    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Key issues of textile dyes/chemicals and skin irritations

    21.3 An in vitro study of transdermal drug permeation

    21.4 Stochastic modeling for transdermal drug delivery

    21.5 Conclusion