Improving Comfort In Clothing

  • No. of pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Published: January 20, 2011
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081014325


Wear comfort has been listed as the most important property of clothing demanded by users and consumers according to recent studies. A fundamental understanding of human comfort and a knowledge of how to design textiles and garments to maximise comfort for the wearer is therefore essential in the clothing industry. Improving comfort in clothing reviews the latest developments in the manufacturing of comfortable apparel and discusses methods of improving it in various articles of clothing.

The book begins by outlining the fundamentals of human comfort in clothing, from the human perception of comfort in apparel and factors which affect it such as the properties of fibres and fabrics, to laboratory testing, analysing and predicting of the comfort properties of textiles.

Part two discusses methods of improving comfort in apparel, from controlling thermal comfort and managing moisture, to enhancing body movement comfort in various garments.

Part three reviews methods of improving comfort whilst maintaining function in specific types of clothing such as protective garments, sports wear and cold weather clothingThe international team of contributors to Improving comfort in clothing has produced a unique overview of numerous aspects of clothing comfort, provides an excellent resource for researchers and designers in the clothing industry. It will also be beneficial for academics researching wear comfort.

Key Features

  • Reviews the latest developments in the manufacturing of comfortable apparel and discusses methods of improving fit in various articles of clothing
  • An overview of how to design textiles and garments to maximise comfort begins with factors affecting comfort and properties of fibres and fabrics that contribute to human comfort
  • Improvements in thermal and tactile comfort and moisture management are explored featuring developments in textile surfaces


Researchers and designers in the clothing industry and academics researching wear comfort



Table of Contents

  • Part I: Fundamentals of comfort and assessmentChapter 1: Factors affecting comfort: human physiology and the role of clothing


    1.1 Definition of comfort

    1.2 Human physiological aspect of comfort

    1.3 Energy metabolism and physical work

    1.4 Human heat balance

    1.5 Clothing as near environment

    1.6 Various aspects of clothing comfort

    1.7 Comfort variables

    1.8 Effective temperature and the comfort chart

    1.9 Response to extreme temperature

    1.10 Development of heat stress and its control

    1.11 Protective clothing

    1.12 Future trends and further information and advice

    Chapter 2: Properties of fibers and fabrics that contribute to human comfort


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Comfort properties of fibers

    2.3 Physical modification of fibers

    2.4 Comfort properties of yarns

    2.5 Comfort properties of fabric structures

    2.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 3: Wool and garment comfort


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Wool quality

    3.3 Benchmarking: wool quality in retail garments

    3.4 Comfort in wool garments: a new assessment protocol

    3.5 Wool garment comfort assessment

    3.6 Comfort response of individuals

    3.7 Wool quality and garment comfort

    3.8 Conclusions

    3.9 Sources of further information and advice

    3.10 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 4: How consumers perceive comfort in apparel


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 How humans sense comfort

    4.3 The Nervous System

    4.4 Human brain

    4.5 Skin and its functions

    4.6 Structure of the skin

    4.7 Senses and sensory receptors

    4.8 Skin and senses

    4.9 Sensations and fabrics

    4.10 Psychological factors and overall comfort perception

    4.11 Conclusions

    Chapter 5: Laboratory measurement of thermo-physiological comfort


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Thermo-physiological comfort

    5.3 Thermal resistance

    5.4 Water vapour transport

    5.5 Air permeability

    5.6 Wicking, buffering and absorbency

    5.7 New developments and future trends

    Chapter 6: Testing, analyzing and predicting the comfort properties of textiles


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Characterization of comfort

    6.3 Testing, analyzing and predicting neurophysiological comfort

    6.4 Testing, analyzing and predicting thermophysiological comfort

    6.5 Design-oriented comfort model

    6.6 Future trends

    Part II: Improving comfort in apparel

    Chapter 7: Improving thermal comfort in apparel


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Different approaches for improving the thermal comfort of clothing

    7.3 Conclusions

    Chapter 8: Improving moisture management in apparel


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Transport of perspiration

    8.3 Fundamentals of moisture transfer between the human body and the environment

    8.4 Factors influencing moisture transport

    8.5 Improving moisture transport

    8.6 Clothing requirements for different environmental conditions

    8.7 Developments in moisture management

    8.8 Future trends

    Chapter 9: Improving tactile comfort in fabrics and clothing


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Comfort and neurophysiology

    9.3 Human tactile sensation

    9.4 Fabric mechanical properties and tactile-pressure sensations

    9.5 Warmth or coolness to the touch of fabrics

    9.6 Improving the textile surface properties for tactile sensation

    9.7 Predictability of sensory comfort

    9.8 Improving electrostatic propensity

    9.9 Future trends

    9.10 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: Garment pattern design and comfort


    10.1 Introduction: fundamental principles of fit in apparel

    10.2 Clothing comfort and fit

    10.3 Manual and mechanical stretch testing


    10.4 Stretch pattern development

    10.5 Future trends

    10.6 Conclusions

    10.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 11: Improving body movement comfort in apparel


    11.1 Introduction: fundamental principles of movement in apparel

    11.2 Fashion and functional apparel: aesthetics, protection, performance and movement

    11.3 Materials and design strategies to provide appropriate movement performance

    11.4 Movement and garment stretch/pressure/compression

    11.5 Research and testing of prototype designs for comfort and movement

    11.6 Future trends

    11.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Part III: Improving comfort in particular types of clothing

    Chapter 12: Evaluating the heat stress and comfort of firefighter and emergency responder protective clothing


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Background

    12.3 Laboratory tests for clothing heat stress

    12.4 Laboratory tests for clothing comfort

    12.5 Research needs

    Chapter 13: Improving comfort in military protective clothing


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Historical perspective

    13.3 Threat level and concept of operations

    13.4 Understanding system level whole-body protection: baseline performance

    13.5 Civilian style protective systems

    13.6 Adsorptive undergarments

    13.7 Cold War individual protective equipment

    13.8 Post-Gulf War individual protective equipment

    13.9 Asymmetric operations (individual protective equipment)

    13.10 Conclusions

    13.11 Future trends

    13.12 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 14: Balancing comfort and function in textiles worn by medical personnel


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Surgical gowns

    14.3 Surgical gloves

    14.4 Surgical masks

    14.5 Future trends

    Chapter 15: Improving comfort in sports and leisure wear


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Market share of sports and leisure wear and affected group of users

    15.3 Definition of sports and leisure wear

    15.4 Influence of sportswear on everyday and leisure wear fashion

    15.5 Physiological demands on sports, everyday and leisure wear

    15.6 Testing sports, everyday and leisure wear comfort

    15.7 Textile constructions for sports, everyday and leisure wear

    15.8 Application examples

    15.9 Recent and future trends in sports, everyday and leisure wear

    15.10 Future trends in testing comfort of sports, everyday and leisure wear

    15.11 Conclusions

    15.12 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 16: Cold weather clothing and comfort


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Thermal comfort and heat balance

    16.3 Requirements for comfort in the cold

    16.4 Principles for cold weather clothing

    16.5 Future trends

    Chapter 17: Achieving comfort in intimate apparel


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Sensorial comfort for intimate apparel

    17.3 Thermal comfort for intimate apparel

    17.4 Motion comfort for intimate apparel

    17.5 Aesthetic comfort for intimate apparel

    17.6 Hygienic comfort for intimate apparel

    17.7 Acknowledgement

    17.8 Sources of further information and advice